4 C's how about the  7 'C's of Diamond Quality ?

Carat, Cut, Clarity, Color, Combination, Character, Choices and a Proverb !

1. Carat


Perhaps the most misunderstand element of diamonds, is that you are buying a weight of stone, and not a size, although a half-carat diamond, if cut according to accepted standards is of a certain diameter and or size. This is important, to understand, since an improperly cut diamond, one cut to maximize the size and weight of a rough diamond, and maximize the price, may not be cut to the ideal proportions that would bring out the most brilliance and fire.

A Carat represents a certain weight of a diamond, and that indirectly, reflects a certain size. A half-carat diamond would measure approximately 5.2 m.m. in diameter. But the Carat does actually refer to weight. One ounce of diamonds measures 142 Carats.

(Carat with a C, refers to diamond weight and size while Karat with a K refers to the quality of a gold piece where 24 Karat is 100% pure gold. 14 Karat equal 14/24 or 58% Gold content, etc . . .)

The term One Carat is broken down to 100 points, so that a 1/4 Carat diamond represents .25 of a Carat or 25 points. A .01 Carat diamond is a small 1 point diamond.

2. Cut

Perhaps the single most important element to a diamond with fire and brilliance is its quality of cut.

Cut, in this instance, does not refer to the type of cut, ie round brilliant, marquis, oval, princess, but "cut" refers to how well the proportions and the angles of the diamond based on the "ideal" parameters that would result in the most brilliant diamond for a particular style of diamond. You see the catch is this, since a diamond is sold on the basis of weight, some diamonds are cut to maximize the weight of the stone, and not the brilliance of the stone. If you take a rough diamond, you can get 40% less weight by cutting it to the best optical proportions. One helpful technical ration, is that the table, the largest plane as seen from the top, should range from 53% to 57% of the total width of the diamond.

A well cut diamond can be judged by examining how well it reacts to the light, with the "IDEAL CUT" being the most well proportioned diamond. A well cut stone, has a high degree of brilliance and refractive powers, as noted by the "lively" play of light and color. Since more properly cut diamonds, such as the Canadian Ideal or Canadian Fine, leave less of the original rough diamond rough, they are sold at a premium. Be careful of overlighting in some displays.

You will note that in regards to Canadian Polar Bear diamonds, they are graded to three basic categories. Canadian Ideal, Canadian Fine and Canadian. A comparative GIA grading system for cut is also available.

In smaller stones, less than 3 points, be aware that diamonds can be single-cut, containing only 18 facets, verses the full-cut diamond which contains 58 facets.


3. Clarity

Clarity, is graded, and follows a scale, from Flawless to Imperfect. The Clarity is determined by evaluating the degree, amount and location of "inclusions" within the diamond, under 10 power magnification, by a trained eye. Eye perfect diamonds, are those that appear flawless to the eye. These qualities are graded as follows.

Flawless (Highest clarity)
VVS1 -VVS2 (Very very slight inclusions)(Very, Very High Clarity)
VS1- VS2( Very slight inclusions)(Very High Clarity)
SI1 (Slight inclusions) (Good Clarity)
 SI2- SI3 (Slight inclusions)(Minimal Clarity to be eye clean)

Note that all these diamonds based on clarity alone, appear flawless to the eye, looking from the top, and the clarity does very little to affect the brilliance of the diamond in this quality range.

I 1 (Inclusions visible to the naked eye to a trained individual) High Promotional Quality
I 2 (Medium Promotional Quality)
I 3 (:Low Promotional Quality)
Note that inclusions are of two basic types, clear, whitish types and black carbon types, the second being more troubling to the clarity and brilliance of a diamond.

WE RECOMMEND A SI One Clarity Grade or a very good SI 2, or better.  
However in larger stones a very good I1, can be impressive relative to pricing.

4. Color

The color of the diamond is a graded factor, between D and M.

D represents a diamond of exceptional white color, or blue white, similar to the dark color of ice.E, F, G, are high colors of color that are rare white. H represents a diamond of white color. I to M represent lower color increments that suggest a lower color grade.

D...............Rarest White
H .............White
M.........Yellowish White


5. Combination

It is important to appreciate that diamond quality is the composite of three major factors that impact on the brilliance of the diamond. Cut, Color and Clarity. How well the diamond is cut would be the single most important factor, followed by color and clarity, within certain parameters. The combination of the physical characteristics of the diamond, relative to a specific diamond size, and relative to price will determine the real value of a diamond.


6. Character

This component of diamond quality, is not a factor reflective of the diamond but of the firm or individual from whom you purchase the diamond. Since some degree of trust is essential in purchasing a good quality and or a good value diamond, it is advisable that you seek qualified and honest diamond dealers.

7. Choices

8. The Proverb.

A righteous wife who can find?

She is far more precious than jewels.

The heart of her husband trusts in her, and he will have no lack of gain.

She does him good, and not harm, all the days of her life.

She seeks wool and flax, and works with willing hands.

She is like the ships of the merchant, she brings her food from far away.

She rises while it is still night and provides food for her household and tasks for her servant-girls.

She considers a field and buys it; with the fruit of her hands she plants a vineyard.

She guards herself with strength, and makes her arms strong.

She perceives that her merchandise is profitable.

Her lamp does not go out at night.

She puts her hand to the poor, and reaches out her hands to the needy.

She is not afraid for her household are clothed in crimson.

She makes herself coverings; her clothing is fine linen and purple.

Her husband is known in the city gates, taking his seat among the elders of the land.

She makes linen garments and sells them; she supplies the merchant with sashes.

Strength and dignity are her clothing, and she laughs at the time to come.

She opens her mouth with wisdom, and teaching of kindness is on her tongue.

She looks well to the ways of her household, and does not eat the bread of idleness.

Her children rise up and call her happy; her husband too, and he praises her:

"Many women have done excellently, but you surpass them all."

Charm is deceitful, and beauty vain, but a woman who fears the LORD is to be praised.

Give her a share in the fruit of her hands, and let her works praise her in the city gates.


"dedicated to Marianne Rosso/Bertucci  Squitti -  Mama  "The queen of Heart "

"A ruby red rose in the desert of life 1919 - 2000 "

Diamond King

Caesar Squitti
Christians might be  interested in the research book, "The Jesus Christ Code" that exposes an unknown dark side to truth, 'colored-truths' and provides a possible key to unlock, 'the gates of eden'.

The research creates a new philosophy, 'thinking in color' based on a bridge between science and religion; called "THE LIGHT; THE RAINBOW OF TRUTH  - The Jesus Christ Code".

THE LIGHT; The Rainbow of Truth


Thank-you and have a great day !

"Donate to a reputable+charity and change the world !

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